Brine Solution Heating at PCS Potash Mine in Saskatoon, Saskatchewan, Canada


Case study - Calentamiento de la Solución de Sales (Brine Solution Heating at PCS in Spanish) 

The Potash Company of Saskatchewan switched to solution mining in the late 1980's as a result of being unable to contain or dewater their flooded mining operation. In the early stages of solution mining, they were able to maintain a reasonable potash extraction rate until they started to exhaust the heat sink in the earth materials located in the mine. In essence, the heated barren solution had to be pumped down through the mine and returned pregnant to the surface. The pregnant potash solution would precipitate in the surface lakes when exposed to subzero temperatures during the winter months, hence the mine only operated during the winter months.

In order to save the mine, a novel form of brine solution heating had to be considered, and SubCom® solution heating was piloted and proven as the most suitable application.

Brine Solution Heating PCS-02


The challenge was to investigate the possibility of adapting SubCom® solution heating to heat the corrosive brine solution.

Inproheat initially performed a series of metallurgical tests in order to determine the most suitable alloy choice for the construction of the combustion components. The criteria required an alloy choice that would stand up to stress corrosion cracking resulting from exposure at high temperatures in the presence of chlorides. Time at temperature tests concluded that Duplex 2204 & 2205 as most suitable alloys to withstand the harsh environment.


With suitable alloy choices confirmed, construction began on a ten (10) burner 13 MM Btu/hr SubCom® Solution heating system, providing a total heat input of 130 MM Btu/hr. The system comprised the ten SubCom® burners mounted onto a floating tank structure. A specific channel was formed to direct the 15,000 USGPM brine flow directly under the Subcom Burners. The burners elevated the brine solution by 15° to 20º C, with a thermal heating efficiency of 98%.

This novel application has been in operation since 1990, and as a result of such outstanding performance, PCS was issued the 1991 award from CGA for "innovative use of natural gas".